Showing posts with label ENG101. Show all posts
Showing posts with label ENG101. Show all posts

ENG201 Assignment No 1 Solution Spring 2017

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ENG201 Assignment No 1 Spring 2017

Here is the complete assignment and Solution of ENG201 Assignment No 01 , Spring 2017. Please discuss the ideas with fellow students.
ENG201- Business and Technical English Writing Assignment Total Marks: 20 ,ENG201 Assignment Deadline: May 02, 2017.


ENG201 Assignment No 1 Spring 2017 Solution and Discussion
ENG201 Assignment No 1 Spring 2017 Solution and Discussion
Recommended : ENG201 Mid Term Past Paper 25 Questions

You Can Also Download ENG201 Mid Term Papers, ENG201 Short Notes, ENG201 Assignment Solutions, ENG201 Lecture Wise Questions Answers Files, ENG201 Solved MCQs, ENG201 Solved Quiz , ENG201 Solved Mid Term Subjective Papers , ENG201 Mid Term Objective Papers from Virtual Study Solutions For Preparation of Final Term Papers.

ENG201 Assignment Instructions:

  • Upload your assignments in a proper format, i.e. MS word file. Corrupt files will be awarded zero marks.
  • The assignments should be zoomed in at 100%.
  • Please avoid plagiarism; plagiarized work will be marked zero.
  • After the due date, the assignments submitted via email would not be entertained.
  • Please avoid submitting copied assignments; otherwise, such a case would be referred to the discipline committee.
  • The font color should be preferably black and font size 12 Times New Roman.
Recommended : Download ENG201 Current Mid Term Papers

ENG201 Assignment Question no 1

Imagine you are working as a deputy manager in ‘Universal Business Equipment (pvt.) Ltd.’. Your organization has organized an annual function where big announcements are expected from the Chief Executive. The mega day has approached and your name has been announced among the few fortunate people who have got 50% raise on their salaries. In the middle of your jubilation, you hear another announcement calling you on the stage to express your feelings about the increment. Oops! You are an introvert by birth and have never seen audience from rostrum and now you not only have to see them but to speak to them also and the worst thing is you have to speak IMPROMPTU. What will you say on the stage? Write your impromptu speech in 150-200 words. (10 Marks)

ENG201 Assignment Question no 2

Read the following passage carefully. Underline five signaling techniques mentioned in the passage. Which signaling technique do you think is the most important in making the presentation message clear, captivating and persuasive? Give TWO reasons to support your point of view. 
 (5+1+2+2=10 Marks)

Any presentation requires a clear strategy or plan to help you reach your objectives. The aim is not to pass away twenty minutes talking non-stop and showing a lot of nice pictures. It is to convey a message that is worth hearing to an audience who wants to hear it. However, how many speakers really hold an audience’s attention? What is the secret for those who do? First, find out about the audience and why they need to know. Plan what you’re going to say and say it clearly and concisely.

A good speaker uses various signals to help hold the audience’s attention and make the information clear. One type of signal is to introduce a list with a phrase like There are three things we have to consider. The speaker then says what the three things are and talks about each one at the required level of detail. For example: There are three types of price that we have to think about: economic price, market price and psychological price. Let’s look at each of these in more detail. First, economic price. This is based on production costs and the need to make a profit… and the speaker goes on to describe this type of price. After that, he goes on to talk about the market price and so on.

Another signaling technique is to give a link between parts of the presentation. Say where one part of the talk finishes and another starts. For example, a well-organized presentation usually contains different parts and progression from one part to the next must be clear with phrases like That’s all I want to say about the development of the product. Now let’s turn to the actual marketing plan. This technique is very helpful to the audience, including those who are mainly interested in one part only.

Another type of signaling is sequencing of information. This usually follows a logical order, perhaps based on time. So a project may be described in terms of the background, the present situation and the future. Key words in sequencing information are first, then, next, after that, later, at the end, finally, etc.

Still another technique which helps to emphasize the key points is careful repetition. For example, As I’ve already said, there is no alternative but to increase production by 100 per cent or I’d like to emphasize the main benefit of the new design – it achieves twice as much power with half as much fuel.

The final technique concerns timing and quantity of information. Psychologists have suggested that concentration is reduced after twenty minutes talk without a break or change in activity. Furthermore, audiences should not be overburdened with technical details or given too many facts to remember. It is claimed that to ask people to remember more than three things in a five minute talk is too much. Any such calculations are probably not very reliable, but every speaker needs to think about exactly how much information of a particular type a specific audience is likely to absorb and plan accordingly.

ENG201 Assignment No 1 Solution Spring 2017

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ENG201 Assignment No 1 Solution idea

Question no 1 Solution

speak IMPROMPTU

Impromptu speak is the speak that is delivered without pre-preparation at any stage at once.

if any company give you any ascentive of your hardworking and job in the shape of salary increment or advance allowance in your salary and give you the chance to make a speech at stage regarding this. Now you are unprepared and does not write any word for this occasion. this is impromptu speak.

Question no 2 Solution

Five Signaling Techniques to make the presentation

introduce a list with a phrase

give a link between parts of the presentation

sequencing of information

careful repetition

timing and quantity of information


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ENG101 Assignment No 1 Solution Spring 2017

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ENG101 Assignment No 1 Spring 2017

Here we have Eng101 English Comprehension Assignment no 1 Solution and discussion of Spring 2017. ENG101 Assignment Total Marks: 20, Lectures covered in this Assignment : 1 to 9. Assignment Due Date: May 02, 2017.
ENG101 Assignment No 1 Spring 2017 Solution and Discussion
ENG101 Assignment No 1 Spring 2017 Solution and Discussion


The purpose of this Assignment is to sharpen up your comprehension skills. May 02, 2017 is the due date for the submission of this assignment. Assignments sent through e-mail after the due date will not be accepted. Make sure to read the instructions given within question file before submitting your work.

ENG101 Assignment Instructions:

  • Upload your assignments in a proper format, i.e. MS word file. Corrupt files will be awarded zero marks. 
  • The assignments should be zoomed in at 100%.
  • Please avoid plagiarism; plagiarized work will be marked zero.
  • After the due date, the assignments submitted via email would not be entertained.
  • Please avoid submitting copied assignments; otherwise, such a case would be referred to the discipline committee.
  • The font color should be preferably black and font size 12 Times New Roman.
Recommended : ENG101 Solved Midterm Past Papers

ENG101 Assignment Question no 1

Word formation denotes the processes of creation of new lexical units. It also refers to the ways in which new words are made on the basis of other words or morphemes. There are a number of methods of word formation including affixes, compounding, blending, clipping, acronyms, back formation, conversion, etc. Read the given paragraph carefully and categorize the underlined words accordingly by filling the tables given below.

(10*1=10 Marks)

The 52-year-old, well-poised and proud lady, who is fully dressed this morning by eight o’clock, with her hair fashionably coiffed and makeup perfectly applied, moved to UCLA in smog today for her joining as hostel warden. Her room was not ready so she started to wait in the lobby. She got a newspaper there and started to read it. There she read an article about the human rights of the employees of the nylon industry. She started to send a fax to the government as she has been actively involved in many human rights campaigns. After many hours of waiting patiently in the lobby, she smiled sweetly when told her room was ready. As she maneuvered her walker to the elevator, I provided a visual description of her tiny room, including the eyelet sheets that had been hung on her window. "I love it," she stated with the enthusiasm of an eight-year-old having just been presented with a new puppy.



Compounds
Acronyms
Clipping
Blending
Affixation
Coinage































Recommended : Eng101 short questions for midterm

ENG101 Assignment Question no 2:

The main idea is the central or the most important idea in a paragraph or a passage. It states the purpose and sets the direction of the paragraph or passage. The main idea statement must be like the “umbrella” sentence. Read the given paragraphs carefully. Each paragraph is followed by four statements. Select the statement that best expresses the main idea.

(5*2=10 Marks)

1. The fact that electronic computers are now used for data processing has led the general public to believe that it is a mysterious, complicated science and that the computers are giant brains. Both of these ideas are false. A computer is basically just a high-speed adding machine that performs the functions it is told to. If the input data are varied even a little, the computer is unable to operate until it is programmed to accept the variations. The business operations it performs are impressive only because of the extremely high speed of manipulation, but most of these operations have been used for decades. Unlike man, the computer performs repetitive calculations without getting tired or bored.

  1. A computer is a high-speed adding machine. 
  2. A computer is a mysterious giant brain. 
  3. A computer is impressive because of its high speed. 
  4. A computer is superior to man in many ways. 
2. Ali loves to play games. His favorite game is chess because it requires a great deal of thought. Ali also likes to play less demanding board games that are based mostly on luck. He prefers Monopoly because it requires luck and skill. If he is done, Ali likes to play action video games as long as they aren’t too violent.

What is the main idea of the above passage?

  1. Ali dislikes violence. 
  2. Ali likes to think. 
  3. Ali enjoys Monopoly. 
  4. Ali enjoys playing games. 
3. How far is it to the Sun? It’s so far that it’s hard to comprehend. In actual distance, it’s approximately 93 million miles. The distance changes slightly as the Earth travels around the Sun. Suppose it were possible to take a jetliner there. Traveling at a little over 550 mph, it would take nearly 20 years to get there. Even if you could travel at 25,000 mph, it would take five months to reach the Sun.
  1. How far is it to the sun? 
  2. It’s so far to the Sun that it's hard to comprehend. 
  3. In actual distance, it’s approximately 93 million miles to the Sun. 
  4. It takes a long time to get to the Sun, no matter how you travel. 
4. In several states across the nation, there has been successful drive to end “social promotion.” In other words, children who do not achieve the required score on a standardized test will no longer be promoted to the next grade. Instead, they will have to repeat the grade they have finished. Yet despite the calls for ending social promotion many of them from politicians looking for a crowd-pleasing issue, there is little evidence that making children repeat a grade has a positive effect. If anything, research suggests that forcing children to repeat a grade hurts rather than helps their academic performance. In 1989, University of Georgia Professor Thomas Holmes surveyed sixty-three studies that compared the performance of kids who had repeated a grade with those who had received a social promotion. Holmes found that most of the children who had repeated a grade had a poorer record of academic performance than the children who had been promoted despite poor test scores. A similar study of New York City children in the 1980s revealed that the children who repeated a grade were more likely to drop out upon reaching high school. The call to end social promotion may have a nice ring to it in political speeches. Yet there is little indication that it does students any real good.
  1. Across the country, many states have abolished the policy of “social promotion.
  2. A similar study of New York City children in the 1980s revealed that the children who repeated a grade were more likely to drop out upon reaching high school.
  3. Yet there is little indication that it does students any real good.
  4. In 1989, University of Georgia Professor Thomas Holmes surveyed sixty-three studies that compared the performance of kids who had repeated a grade with those who had received a social promotion.
5. Novels and short stories are types of fiction. Drama is another example. Fairy tales and fables are also fiction. It is a type of narrative writing that comes from the imagination of the author rather than from history or fact.
  1. There are many types of literature. 
  2. Novels, short stories, drama, fairy tales and fables are types of fiction. 
  3. Fiction is a type of narrative writing that comes from the imagination of the author rather than from history or fact. 
  4. Novels and short stories are types of fiction.
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ENG101 Assignment No 1 Solution Spring 2017

Here you can read and Download Complete Solution file of ENG101 Assignment No 1 Spring 2017.

ENG101 Assignment Question No. 1 Solution idea

Blending - is one of the many ways new words are made in English. It refers to joining the beginning of one word and the end of another to make a new word with a new meaning.
Smog: from smoke and fog
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Clipping - is one of the ways new words are created in English. It involves the shortening ... which is a clipped form of mathematics, is an example of this. Informal examples include 'bro' … from brother, Maths from mathematics
Fax: facsimile
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Compounds - Words are combined into compound structures in a variety of ways
Closed form, in which the words are melded together, such as firefly, secondhand
hyphenated form, such as daughter-in-law, master-at-arms, over-the-counter
open form, such as post office, real estate, middle class

well-poised, eight-year-old, makeup, eyelet sheets
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
affixation/affix is a word element of English grammar used to alter the meaning or form of a word and comes in the form of either a prefix or a suffix. Prefixes include examples like "un-" "self-" and "re-" while suffixes come in the form of ending elements like "-hood" "-ing" or "-ed."

Fashionably, sweetly
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Coinage: the act of creating a new word or phrase that other people begin to use

Nylon : 1938 coined as a generic by the du Pont Chemical Co. as distinct from known words and having no prior meaning or use, but with the suffix -on suggesting other textile fibers such as rayon
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Acronyms
An acronym is a word or name formed as an abbreviation from the initial components in a phrase or a word, usually individual letters (as in NATO or laser)

UCLA: University of California , Los Angeles
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This Solution idea is as per my knowledge. Please confirm before uploading. Check for makeup It can fit in compound or coinage

ENG101 Assignment Complete Solution

Question no 1 Solution:

Compounds
Acronyms
 Clipping
Blending
Affixation
Coinage
well-poised
UCLA
smog
fashionably
nylon
makeup
sweetly
eyelet sheets
eight-year-old
Question no 2 Solution:

1. The fact that electronic computers are now used for data processing has led the general public to believe that it is a mysterious, complicated science and that the computers are giant brains. Both of these ideas are false. A computer is basically just a high-speed adding machine that performs the functions it is told to. If the input data are varied even a little, the computer is unable to operate until it is programmed to accept the variations. The business operations it performs are impressive only because of the extremely high speed of manipulation, but most of these operations have been used for decades. Unlike man, the computer performs repetitive calculations without getting tired or bored.

A computer is a high-speed adding machine.

2. Ali loves to play games. His favorite game is chess because it requires a great deal of thought. Ali also likes to play less demanding board games that are based mostly on luck. He prefers Monopoly because it requires luck and skill. If he is done, Ali likes to play action video games as long as they aren’t too violent.
What is the main idea of the above passage?
Ali enjoys playing games.
3. How far is it to the Sun? It’s so far that it’s hard to comprehend. In actual distance, it’s approximately 93 million miles. The distance changes slightly as the Earth travels around the Sun. Suppose it were possible to take a jetliner there. Traveling at a little over 550 mph, it would take nearly 20 years to get there. Even if you could travel at 25,000 mph, it would take five months to reach the Sun.
It’s so far to the Sun that it's hard to comprehend.
In several states across the nation, there has been successful drive to end “social promotion.” In other words, children who do not achieve the required score on a standardized test will no longer be promoted to the next grade. Instead, they will have to repeat the grade they have finished. Yet despite the calls for ending social promotion many of them from politicians looking for a crowd-pleasing issue, there is little evidence that making children repeat a grade has a positive effect. If anything, research suggests that forcing children to repeat a grade hurts rather than helps their academic performance. In 1989, University of Georgia Professor Thomas Holms surveyed sixty-three studies that compared the performance of kids who had repeated a grade with those who had received a social promotion. Holms found that most of the children who had repeated a grade had a poorer record of academic performance than the children who had been promoted despite poor test scores. A similar study of New York City children in the 1980s revealed that the children who repeated a grade were more likely to drop out upon reaching high school. The call to end social promotion may have a nice ring to it in political speeches. Yet there is little indication that it does students any real good.
Across the country, many states have abolished the policy of “social promotion.

Novels and short stories are types of fiction. Drama is another example. Fairy tales and fables are also fiction. It is a type of narrative writing that comes from the imagination of the author rather than from history or fact.

Fiction is a type of narrative writing that comes from the imagination of the author rather than from history or fact.


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ENG101 Final Term Past Papers Mega Collection

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ENG101 Final Term Past Papers Mega Collection

Here You Can Download ENG101 Final Term Papers, Short Notes, Assignment Solutions, ENG101 Solved Final Term Papers, ENG101 Lecture Wise Questions Answers Files, Solved MCQs, Solved Quiz , ENG101 Final Term Subjective Papers , ENG101 Final Term Objective Papers from Virtual Study Solutions For Preparation of Final Term Papers.

DOWNLOAD LINKS FOR ENG101 FINAL TERM PAST PAPERS

You can easily Download ENG101 Final term past papers by clicking on the links given below:



Important Note:

Attention all the students of Virtual University;
before attempting examination its good idea to go through the vu past papers. You must know what the pattern is and what kind of questions are there in paper. 

Tags: ENG101, ENG101  FINAL TERM PAPER, ENG101  FINAL TERM PAPERS, ENG101  FINAL TERM SOLVED PAPERS, ENG101 Final Term Past Papers, ENG101 Solved Past Papers, VU, Virtual University solved past papers.

While preparing for exam; 
ENG101 Papers from previous years can be a valuable resource to identify the patron of paper, mostly asked questions in exam and marks distribution.
On this page of Virtual Study Solutions you can easily find past paper of ENG101.
Many of ENG101 midterm paper and ENG101 final term paper are solved rest of the files are up to you to make preparation.

ENG101 Assignment No 03 Solution 2017

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ENG101 Assignment No 03 Fall 2016

Here we have complete solution of ENG101 English comprehension Assignment No 03 Semester Fall 2016. Total Marks: 20 Assignment include Lectures: 30-37. Due Date Feb 10, 2017.

Also Read: CS201 VIVA Preparation Helping Material

You Can Also Download ENG101 Solved Final Term Papers, ENG101 Short Notes, ENG101 Assignment Solutions, ENG101 Lecture Wise Questions Answers Files, ENG101 Solved MCQs, Solved Quiz , ENG101 Solved Final Term Subjective Papers , ENG101 Solved Final Term Objective Papers from Virtual Study Solutions For Preparation of Final Term Papers.

Also Read: CS101 Short Notes for Final Term From Lec 22 to 45

ENG101 Assignment Instructions:

  • Upload your assignments in a proper format, i.e. MS word file. Corrupt files will be awarded zero marks. 
  • The assignments should be zoomed in at 100%. 
  • Please avoid plagiarism; plagiarized work will be marked zero. 
  • After the due date, the assignments submitted via email will not be entertained. 
  • Please avoid submitting copied assignments; otherwise, such a case would be referred to the discipline committee. 
  • The font color should be preferably black and font size 12 Times New Roman. 

ENG101 Assignment no 03

Question no 1. Mark Twain explains the art of writing as “a tale shall accomplish something and arrive somewhere.” It follows one or more characters through a series of events. By the end, it arrives at a target destination or purpose fulfilling its reason for having been told.

Question no 2. Keeping in view the above statement, read the given story and answer the following questions: Marking Scheme [5*2=10 Marks]

ENG101 Assignment No 03 Solution 

Write an essay on the given topic.

Hard work beats talent when talent fails to work hard.

The essay should comprise 400-450 words. Give logical reasons to support your answer. 

ENG101 Assignment Question no 1 Solution

Hard work beats talent when talent doesn’t work hard

There are many people who although talented, have wasted their gifts and just not worked hard to support themselves. These types of people might be famous and well known, but in the long term and the bigger picture, fade into the background when really skillful and ‘hard working’ people come into the scene.
It boils down to your work ethic and how much effort you’re willing to put into something. As many people know, with life, you get what you put into it, so if you’ve got something you’re aiming for, something you want to do, work hard and you’ll create your own talent.


Talent is thought of as a gift for something.. A aptitude that’s a cut above the rest and lets the individual really excel at the task in question but talent doesn’t always come naturally. Sometimes, by working hard people can develop talent and what seems to be a gift is in fact just the result of working REALLY hard for a long time. Many famous people are famous not because they’ve hit ‘overnight success’ but because behind the scenes they’ve been working really hard.

I strongly agree with this quote because if you work hard for something
that you want then you will get it because you work hard.
Just because you are not smart doesn't mean you can't be smart.
Work hard for the thing you want because talent will not always get you far in life.

ENG101 Assignment Question no 2 Solution

Q: Read the above mentioned text carefully and give it a suitable title.
Ans: Share the Stress otherwise you eat up yourself


QThe author’s purpose is to?
Ans:persuade


QWhat is genre of the text?
Ans:nonfiction

QMention the narrator’s point of view after reading the text.
Ans:1st-person

QWhat is the tone of the writer in the text?
AnsGloomy

Download ENG101 Assignment No 03 Solution

You can Download ENG101 Assignment no 03 Solution file from the link below:

ENG101 Solution.pdf, 327 KB

ENG101 Current Midterm Papers Fall 2016

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ENG101 Midterm Papers

Dear VU Students Here are ENG101 current midterm Past papers from 17 Dec to 29 Dec. 2016. You Can Also Download ENG101 Solved Mid Term Papers, Short Notes, ENG101 Assignment Solutions, Lecture Wise Questions Answers Files, Solved MCQs, Solved Quiz ,ENG101 Solved Mid Term Subjective Papers ,ENG101 Solved Mid Term Objective Papers From This Discussion For Preparation Mid Term Papers of Fall 2015-16.

Also Read: Cs 601 midterm solved past papers

ENG101 Current Midterm Paper - Sample 1:

There were 11 MCQs in Midterm Exam
and 6 short questions.

  1. Define hasty generalization 
  2. Fill in the blanks with given words
  3. Write antonyms of given words
  4. (smile, selfish, best)
  5. Write main idea from the given paragraph.
  6. Differentiate compound and complex sentence
  7. How is far important to understand writer point of view from the paragraph .
Also Read: ISL201 Islamic Studies Short questions for quiz and exams

ENG101 Current Midterm Paper - Sample 2:


  1. Define participles 2 marks
  2. difference b/w fact and opoinion 2 marks
  3. true false 3 marks
  4. Fill in the blank with participles 3 marks
  5. relationship b/w reading speed and reading comperhension 5 marks
  6. fill in the blank with or , and , but e.t.c 5 mark make the passage precise. convert into one 3rd of whole passage 5 marks
Also Read: download vu midterm exam solved papers and quizzes

ENG101 Current Midterm Paper - Sample 3:

There were total 17 Questions in Today ENG101 Mid term Paper.
  • Total MCQs of 1 Marks:11
  • Total short subjective question of 2 Marks = 2
  • Total short subjective question of 3 Marks = 2
  • Total short subjective question of 5 Marks = 2
Also ReadCS101 Mid term 16 SOlved Papers + Quizzes + Solved Subjectives + HTML TAGS

ENG101 Current Midterm Paper - Sample 4:

My today's paper contains 17 questions
11 MCqs and 6 Short questions.

  1. There were 2 statements to judge wether its an opinion or Fact . 2 marks
  2. another question was also like this to tell Opinion and Fact with 3 statements. 3 marks
  3. Put Suitable words in Blank spaces of a paragraph . 5Marks
  4. Write down 5 Sensationals of the statement of ILLUSTRATION/EXAMPLE . 5 marks
Also Read: CS 201 all past solved midterm papers 2015

DOWNLOAD ENG101 MIDTERM PAPERS


ENG101 Assignment No 02 Solution Fall 2016

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ENG101 Assignment No 02 Fall 2016

Here is the Complete Assignment and ENG101 - English Comprehension Assignment No 02 Discussion and Solution Due Date: Dec 05. 2016.
ENG101 - English Comprehension
Assignment No. 2
Symester Fall 2016
Due Date: Dec 05, 2016
Total Marks: 20
Lectures: 10-18

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financial accounting MGT101 Solved Papers

ENG101 Assignment Instructions:

Upload your assignments in a proper format, i.e. MS word file. Corrupt files will be awarded zero marks.
  • The assignments should be zoomed in at 100%.
  • Please avoid plagiarism; plagiarized work will be marked zero.
  • After the due date, the assignments submitted via email would not be entertained.
  • Please avoid submitting copied assignments; otherwise, such a case would be referred to the discipline committee.
  • The font color should be preferably black and font size 12 Times New Roman.

ENG101 Assignment Question No. 1:

Making inferences is important for understanding the context. Below are two pictures which have a context and contain a story. Look at the following pictures; select any ONE of them and write a short imaginary story of 100-150 words. 
(10 Marks)

ENG101 Assignment Picture 1

ENG101 Assignment No 02 Picture 1 Fall 2016

ENG101 Assignment Picture 2

ENG101 Assignment No 02 Picture 2 Fall 2016

Choose one pic from the given two. Write an IMAGINARY STORY about it. (aisi story jo pic ko dekhtay sar aap k zehn mein aati hai)

ENG101 Assignment Question No. 2:

Read the following text carefully; identify the time relaters and sort them out into the categories of adjectives and adverbials. Write your answers in the given table. (10 Marks)

The earlier models of the geography of the metropolis were unicellular: that is, they assumed that the entire urban district would normally be dominated by a single central district, around which the various economic functions of the community would be focused. This central business district (CBD) is the source of so-called high-order goods and services, which can most efficiently be provided from a central location rather than from numerous widely dispersed locations. Thus, retailers of infrequently and irregularly purchased goods, such as fur coats, jewelry, and antique furniture, and specialized service outlets, such as theaters, advertising agencies, law firms, and government agencies, will generally be found in the CBD. By contrast, less costly, more frequently demanded goods, such as groceries and housewares, and low-order services, such as shoe repair and hairdressing, will be available at many small, widely scattered outlets throughout the metropolis.

Also Read: ENG101 English Comprehension Short Questions Answers

Both the concentric-ring model of the metropolis, first developed in Chicago in the late nineteenth century, and the sector model, closely associated with the work of Homer Hoyt in the 1930s, make the CBD the focal point of the metropolis. The concentric-ring model assumes that the varying degrees of need for accessibility to the CBD of various kinds of economic entities will be the main determinant of their location. Thus, wholesale and manufacturing firms, which need easy accessibility to the specialized legal, financial, and governmental services provided in the CBD, will normally be located just outside the CBD itself. Residential areas will occupy the outer rings of the model, with low-income groups residing in the relatively crowded older housing close to the business zone and high-income groups occupying the outermost ring in the more spacious, newer residential areas built up through urban expansion.

Also Read: ENG101 ALL Current Mid Term Papers

Homer Hoyt’s sector model is a modified version of the concentric-ring model. Recognizing the influence of early established patterns of geographic distribution on the later growth of the city, Hoyt developed the concept of directional inertia. According to Hoyt, custom and social pressures tend to perpetuate locational patterns within the city. Thus, if a particular part of the city (say, the east side) becomes a common residential area for higher-income families, perhaps because of a particular topographical advantage such as a lake or other desirable feature, future expansion of the high-income segment of the population is likely to proceed in the same direction. In our example, as the metropolis expands, a wedge-shaped sector would develop on the east side of the city in which the higher-income residence would be clustered. Lower-income residences, along with manufacturing facilities, would be confined; therefore, to the western margins of the CBD.

Also Read: ENG201 Mid Term Past Paper 25 Questions

Although Hoyt’s model undoubtedly represented an advance in sophistication over the simpler concentric-ring model, yet neither of the models fully accounts for the increasing importance of focal points other than the traditional CBD. Recent years have witnessed the establishment around older cities of secondary nuclei centered on suburban business districts. In other cases, particular kinds of goods, services, and manufacturing facilities have clustered in specialized centers away from the CBD, encouraging the development of particular housing patterns in the adjacent areas. In the present day, a new multicellular model of metropolitan geography is needed to express these and other emerging trends of urban growth.

Find those adjectives and adverbials which are related to 'time' in any way. for example, recent=adjective, infrequently=adverbial.

You Can Also Download Solved Mid Term Papers, Short Notes, Assignment Solutions, Lecture Wise Questions Answers Files, Solved MCQs, Solved Quiz , Solved Mid Term Subjective Papers , Solved Mid Term Objective Papers From This Discussion For Preparation Mid Term Papers of Fall 2015-16.

ENG101 Assignment No. 02 Solution:

Here is the Solution idea files for ENG101 Assignment No. 2 for Fall 2016.