Graded Discussion Board
Organizational behavior (MGT502)

Dear Students,
This is to inform that Graded Discussion Board (GDB) No. 01 will be opened on May 29, 2015 for discussion and last date for posting your discussion will be June 02, 2015.

Topic/Area for Discussion

This Graded Discussion Board will cover first 15 lessons.
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Motivation in Organization
 1. Definition: motivation is a process of arousing and sustaining goal-directed behavior induced by the expectation of satisfying individual needs 
2. The motivation process

Unsatisfied need => Tension => Drives => Search Behavior => Satisfied needs => Reduction of tension => New unsatisfied needs
3. Types of theories
 (1) Need-based theories
  •  Maslow's need hierarchy
  • McGregor's Theory X and Theory
  • Herzberg's two-factor theory
  • Alderfer's ERG theory
  • McClelland's need theory
(2). Process-based theory 
  • Equity theory
  • Expectancy theory
  • Goal-setting theory
  • Reinforcement theory:
  • Attribution theory
(3) Individual-organizational goal-congruence theories
  • Exchange
  • Accommodation
  • Socialization
  • Identification
4. Maslow's Need Hierarchy
(1) A hierarchy of five basic needs
  • Physiological needs: hunger, thirst, shelter, sex, and other bodily needs
  • Safety needs: security and protection from physical and emotional harm
  • Social needs: affection, belongingness, love, acceptance, and friendship.
  • Esteem needs: internal esteem (self-respect, autonomy, achievement), and external esteem (status, recognition, attention, power, and face)
  • Needs for self-actualization: the drive to best realize one's potential, including potential in personal growth, achievements, and self-fulfillment.
Low-order needs: physiological and safety needs, they are satisfied externally (payment, unions)
High-order needs: social, esteem, and self-actualization needs, they are satisfied internally.
(2). Basic assumptions:
  • A substantially satisfied need no longer motivates
  • It is the lowest level of ungratified need in the hierarchy that motivates behavior
  • As a lower level of need is met, a person moves up to the next level of needs as a source of motivation

(3). The socio-cultural construction of need hierarchy

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